3. Individualized Education Program (IEP)
For eligible students, a plan for appropriate services is written in an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The IEP is relevant for all students from preschool (at least three years of age) through high school graduation or age 26. The aim is to make sure all the requirements for the child's education are fulfilled. The IEP is a contract that is intended to respond to the individual needs of the child and family. The services offered to each child will vary depending on the type, level and severity of the disability. The IEP determines the types of education services and assistance for which the child is eligible. IEP's are transferable between school districts.
Development of the IEP is a group effort among school personnel (e.g., general and special education teachers and an administrative representative from the school district), family members (the parent and the student when appropriate) and other individuals (e.g., physician, social worker, case manager, etc.) who have knowledge or expertise regarding the child. The IEP is reviewed annually and each student receives a thorough re-evaluation every three years. However, if the child is not making expected progress, or if an unexpected event arises, an IEP can be reviewed and revised more frequently.